Takab is a city in and the capital of Takab County, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Its population is around 43,702, in 10,078 families. The city’s inhabitants are predominantly Iranian Azerbaijanis who speak the Azerbaijani language. The famous historical complex Takht-e Soleyman is situated to the North-East of the city. Takht-e-Soleyman was one of Takab’s oldest Zoroastrian fire temples during the Sassanid Dynasty and had the name Azargoshnasp.
Takht-e Soleyman is an Iranian archaeological site, located 45 km northeast of Takab County in West Azerbaijan province, northwest of Iran. It covers an area of about 124000 sq. m, and the name is Persian equivalent for Solomon’s Throne. In different historical periods, Medians, Parthian, Sassanid, and Mongols had settled in this area. This historical-cultural complex includes traces of human settlement from the first millennium BC. According to some historians, it has been the birthplace of Zoroaster. UNESCO has approved this monumental complex as World Heritage Site in 2003. An artesian lake, a Zoroastrian fire temple, and Anahita temple are located on this platform. It was the third principal fire temple for Iranians in Sassanid period, located in the north of the lake, known as Azargoshasb fire temple. The fire in it has been a symbol of Zoroastrianism authority for about seven centuries. A temple attributed to Anahita, the goddess of water which is located to the northeast of the lake. There are also two adjacent sites, namely Kooh-e Belgheys (Belgheys Mountain) and Zendan-e Soleyman (Solomon’s Prison). Belgheys was the name of the Queen of Sheba, Solomon’s wife, according to Islamic tradition.