Iran has numerous castles. However, most of them are in dry areas. Rudkhan Castle is one of a few castles that is located in the forest. Rudkhan Castle or Hesami Castle is the name of a historical castle, 20 kilometers from the south west of Fuman in Gilan Province. Some experts believe that the castle was built in Sassanid period at the time of Arabs attack to Iran. This castle is located at a height between 665 to 715 meters from the sea level and a river with the same name runs beside it. It was recorded in the list of national and historical monuments list of Iran with number 3/1549 as one of the historical monuments of Iran for its historical value and its structure, architecture and strategic as well as martial properties.
Chamkhaleh beach is one of the most beautiful and most equipped and also the least risky beach of the country which was selected as the best beach of Gilan province by the Ministry of Interior in 2011. The best attractions of Chamkhaleh beach is the enormously beautiful sand beach and the large river of Chamkhaleh. This beautiful area is the closest beach to Langeroud and is considered as one of the touristic areas of Gilan province.
Among all traditional and unspoiled mountain village in Province of Gilan, Masule is the most beautiful one. It was founded in the 10th century. The village is 1050 meters above sea level in the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. The village has a difference in elevation of 100 meters formed by several irregular levels of terraced cream houses that appears to have grown out of its surroundings. The buildings have been built into the mountain and are interconnected. Courtyards and roofs both serve as pedestrian areas similar to streets. Yellow clay covers the exterior of most buildings in Masouleh which allows for better visibility in the fog. Masuleh is approximately 60 km southwest of Rasht and 25 km west of Fuman. The climate is cold in winter, with snow sometimes reaching three meters deep, but extremely pleasant and bracing in summer. There are four main local communities at the city named: “Maza-var” (meaning besides the Mosque) at the south, “Khana-var” (beside homes) at the East, “Kasha-sar” (stretched on top) at the North, and, “Assa-mahala” (Assad community) at the West. Apparently, downtown is Bazaar area and also the main mosque of the city built in 969 AD.
Products such as kilim (rug made of goat’s hair), Jajim (a carpet made of wool or cotton), Chamush (traditional shoes), clothes, knives and silk scarves are some of the items sold at the bazaar. The second most popular is the Saheb-az-Zaman Mosque, which dates back to the 12th century AD. One of the main shrines in Masouleh is Imamzadeh ibn Ali, called Qalandar Khaneh by locals, a term that dates back to the Safavid era (16th century) and means home of a wandering dervish. This beautiful shrine has an octagonal structure and the door, made of ebony, is carved with impressive designs. Inside the shrine is a 1,200-year-old inscription with verses from the Holy Qur’an.
Masal is one of the most magnificent and important villages in Iran tourism that is located in the beautiful Iran northern cities in Gilan province, beside the Talesh Mountains.This city is one of the most important areas for leisure Iran tours, which annually attracts many tourists from around the country to spend their holidays in this area.
Masal is one of the many places in Iran that has many enthusiasts, especially between Iran Eco-tourism lovers. The beautiful nature of this city and its lush woods are one of the reasons that brought naturalist attention to the area. On the other hand, the cloud ocean in this area is a beautiful phenomenon that makes the walking on clouds imagination to reality. These natural attractions and the presence of rivers and caves in this region have made Masal famous and unique.
Rasht city is one of the metropolises of Iran, the center of Gilan province in northern Iran and the center of the city of Rasht. This metropolis is also the largest and most populous city in northern Iran, among the three Caspian Sea provinces and the largest and most populous city of Gilaki of the world, the largest settlement on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Rasht is the third most visited tourist city in Iran.
The city’s population is more than two million on holidays and tourist months of the year. Rasht is the most densely populated city of Iran in terms of population ratio to size.
The weather in Rasht is Caspian moderate and semi-Mediterranean, with warm and sultry summer and humid and cold winters. Also, the city of Rasht has the first rate of rainfall in the provinces of Iran and is known as the rain town.
Rasht became the center of Gilan province more than 4.5 centuries ago, and in the past it was the center of the first province of Iran. It also played a key role in the history of Iran, such as the Constitutional Revolution, the 1979 Iranian Forestry Movement and also Iranian Revolution, and due to its people culture, and its location on the Silk Road, it has long been known as the gateway to Europe, as well as the gateway to modern civilization. It also has brilliant backgrounds in the field of foreign exchanges.
Nowadays, Rasht is considered one of the main agricultural and tourism hubs in the country and also it is one of the rice poles in Iran.
Anzali lagoon is a coastal wetland, in the Caspian Sea near the port of Anzali, which is famous for the boat trips and it is known as a good place for bird watching due to the lagoon is also home to many migrant birds furthermore it is an important sanctuary for wildlife, especially for birds. The lagoon has a great situation for fisher particularly in spring and autumn when the Kutum, Pike-perch, and bream, would enter the lagoon from Caspian by rivers. Its weather is hot and humid in summer as well as gentle temperature in winter that nature lovers can visit numerous species of plants such as marginal plants, plants with leaves that float on the surface of the weather, and submerged plants while there are Lotus flowers which are extremely eye-catching and everybody is eager to see them.
Falak-ol-Aflak is one of the most impressive castles in Iran. It is situated on the top of a large hill with the same name within the city of Khorramabad, the regional capital of Lorestan province. This gigantic structure was built during the Sassanid era (226–۶۵۱). Falak ol-Aflak castle is amongst the most important structures built during the Sassanid era. It has been known by a number of names since it was built over 1800 years ago. The Khorram Abad River passes the eastern and south-western side of the Falak-ol-Aflak hill providing the fortress with an element of natural protection. Today, the western and northern sides of the hill are bordered by the residential districts of Khorram Abad. The foundations of the castle measure approximately 300 meters by 400 meters. The height of the entire structure, including the hill, reaches to 40 meters above the surrounding area. The castle itself covers an area of 5,300 square meters. This space is divided into four large halls, and their associated rooms and corridors. Originally the castle used to have 12 towers, but only 8 remain standing today.
Kurdistan is one of the 31 provinces of Iran, not to be confused with the greater unofficial geographical area of Iranian Kurdistan. The province of Kurdistan is 28,817 km² in area which encompasses just one-fourth of the Kurdish inhabited areas of Iran or Iranian Kurdistan. It is located in the west of Iran and bound by Iraq on the west, the province of West Azerbaijan to its north, Zanjan to the northeast, Hamedan to the east and Kermanshah to the south. The capital of Kurdistan Province is the city of Sanandaj. Other counties with their major cities are Marivan, Baneh, Saqqez, Bijar, Qorveh, Piranshahr, Kamyaran, Dehgolan, Diwandarreh and Sarvabad. People living in Kurdistan province speak Kurdish as local language and Persian as national language. lovely Kurd people retained their traditions, their language, dialects and dress. Women wear very colorful and beautiful Kurdish dresses and men wear Kurdish pants. Kurd people are famous for their astonishing local dances.
Popular attractions in Kurdistan
Sanandaj is the capital of Kurdish culture and Kurdistan province at Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 432,330… read more
Zarivar or Zeribar Lake, with a length of 5 km and a maximum width of 1.6 km, and 1,285ms elevation is located… read more
Karaftoo is located on the north west of Divandarreh town in Kurdistan province. A 76 kilometer beautiful road in Zagross Mountains… read more
Hawraman is a mountainous region located within the provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah in western…. read more
Palangan (meaning leopards in Persian) is a village located 47 kilometers north-west of Kamyaran in Iran’s Kurdestan province… read more
Palangan (meaning leopards in Persian) is a village located 47 kilometers north-west of Kamyaran in Iran’s Kurdestan province. This village is spread over both sides of a valley. All of the houses are made of stone and like a staircase they are in a continuous pattern, i.e. the roof of one house is the yard of another one. This village is one of the most beautiful villages of the province not only because of its unique architecture, but also because of its beautiful nature. It is located beside a river which flows into the Sirwan River. It is built on the two sides of a river. This area was one of the important regions of Kurdistan from Seljuk period; Palangan Castle which is next to the village over a mountain bears witness to this claim.
Hawraman is a mountainous region located within the provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah in western Iran and in north-eastern Iraq within Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. In Iran, the region includes the cities of Paveh and Mariwan and in Iraq, Halabja.
Hawraman has many springs and rivers that most of their water mainly flows into Sirwan River. Bil spring (or Kani Bil) is one of these springs which has a discharge about 3000-4000 liters per second. The river which is made of Bil spring is the shortest river in the world with a total length of 15 meters.
The villages are unique in terms of architecture, lifestyle, and agricultural methodology. Villages are integrated with nature by incorporating steep-slope agriculture.